Skip to main content
Version: ZIO 2.x

Introduction to ZIO Interop Reactive Streams

This library provides an interoperability layer between ZIO and reactive streams.

Reactive Streams Producer and Subscriber

ZIO integrates with Reactive Streams by providing conversions from zio.stream.Stream to org.reactivestreams.Publisher and from zio.stream.Sink to org.reactivestreams.Subscriber and vice versa. Simply import import zio.interop.reactivestreams._ to make the conversions available.

Examples

First, let's get a few imports out of the way.

import org.reactivestreams.example.unicast._
import zio._
import zio.interop.reactivestreams._
import zio.stream._

We use the following Publisher and Subscriber for the examples:

val publisher = new RangePublisher(3, 10)
val subscriber = new SyncSubscriber[Int] {
override protected def whenNext(v: Int): Boolean = {
print(s"$v, ")
true
}
}

Publisher to Stream

A Publisher used as a Stream buffers up to qSize elements. If possible, qSize should be a power of two for best performance. The default is 16.

val streamFromPublisher = publisher.toZIOStream(qSize = 16)
streamFromPublisher.run(Sink.collectAll[Integer])

Subscriber to Sink

When running a Stream to a Subscriber, a side channel is needed for signalling failures. For this reason toZIOSink returns a tuple of a callback and a Sink. The callback must be used to signal Stream failure. The type parameter on toZIOSink is the error type of the Stream.

val asSink = subscriber.toZIOSink[Throwable]
val failingStream = ZStream.range(3, 13) ++ ZStream.fail(new RuntimeException("boom!"))
ZIO.scoped {
asSink.flatMap { case (signalError, sink) => // FIXME
failingStream.run(sink).catchAll(signalError)
}
}

Stream to Publisher

val stream = Stream.range(3, 13)
stream.toPublisher.flatMap { publisher =>
UIO(publisher.subscribe(subscriber))
}

Sink to Subscriber

toSubscriber returns a Subscriber and an IO which completes with the result of running the Sink or the error if the Publisher fails. A Sink used as a Subscriber buffers up to qSize elements. If possible, qSize should be a power of two for best performance. The default is 16.

val sink = Sink.collectAll[Integer]
ZIO.scoped {
sink.toSubscriber(qSize = 16).flatMap { case (subscriber, result) =>
UIO(publisher.subscribe(subscriber)) *> result
}
}